Acaravci, S.K. (2015) The Determinants of Capital Structure: Evidence from the Turkish Manufacturing Sector. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 5, 158-171.
ABSTRACT: By using the panel data of quoted company during 2005-2014 and the PVAR model, this paper aims to empirically examine the dynamic and interacting relationships among Debt, Growth of company, PB of company’s stock, the Effective income tax rate. The pvar model can estimate the dynamic relationship of all endogenous variables, and the empirical results show that the Growth, PB and ETR are the critical factors of Debt; The PB’s ability to explain changes in the capital structure has grown stronger over time, and “invalid periods” may occur in the short term. Enterprise Growth and Effective income tax rates both have positive effects in the short term. At the early stage, the enterprises show the debt financing preferences. With the expansion of the scale, the enterprises slowly show the equity financing preferences.