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Fisher, D.K. and Gould, P.J. (2012) Open-Source Hardware is a Low-Cost Alternative for Scientific Instrumentation and Research. Modern Instrumentation, 1, 8-20.
https://doi.org/10.4236/mi.2012.12002

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Evolving Open-Source Technologies Offer Options for Remote Sensing and Monitoring in Agriculture

    AUTHORS: Daniel K. Fisher, Reginald S. Fletcher, Saseendran S. Anapalli

    KEYWORDS: Arduino, Microcontrollers, Cellular, Soil Moisture, Sensors, Internet of Things

    JOURNAL NAME: Advances in Internet of Things, Vol.10 No.1, November 7, 2019

    ABSTRACT: A variety of sensing and monitoring systems have been developed based on the concept of open-source and on open-source hardware and software components. Availability and relatively low cost of hardware components and availability and ease of use of software components allow access to sensing and monitoring technologies that were previously unattainable to many potential users. Advances in electronic monitoring and evolving cellular communications technologies are increasingly offering more, simpler, and less expensive options for remote monitoring. Due to the near-future cessation of 2G and 3G cellular network services, however, many existing monitoring systems will need to be redesigned to operate on alternative cellular networks. A soil-moisture monitoring system was developed incorporating updated open-source Arduino microcontrollers and the recently introduced LTE Cat-M1 cellular network to transmit sensor measurements via the cellular network for access on an internet website. The monitoring system costs approximately US$130 to construct the electronic circuitry and less than US$1 per month for cellular network access and data transmission. Data were transmitted with a 95% success rate, and the monitoring system operated continuously throughout an entire crop growing season with no battery recharge or maintenance requirements. The design and operation of the monitoring system can serve as a basis for other remote monitoring systems.