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Bailey, S.J. and Voesenek, L.A.C.J. (2008) Flooding Stress: Acclimations and Genetic Diversity. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 59, 313-339.
https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.arplant.59.032607.092752

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Variation in Expression of Sub1 Gene and Association with Submergence Stress Related Traits in Advance Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Genotypes as a Tool of Climate Change Adaptation

    AUTHORS: Zulqarnain Haider, Muhammad Akhter, Abid Mahmood, Usman Saleem

    KEYWORDS: Oryza sativa L., Sub1 QTL, Floods, Climate Change, Phenotypic Expression, Association Analysis, Stress Related Traits

    JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Climate Change, Vol.7 No.2, May 30, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Floods have now become most detrimental natural catastrophe worldwide due to radical climatic fluxes. Therefore, there is a dire necessity to develop a high yielding rice lines to deal with this scenario. For this purpose, a large scale experiment was conducted including one hundred and fifteen (115) rice genotypes having SUB1 gene imported from International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) Philippines, six local cultivars/approved varieties and three high yielding rice varieties i.e. Sabitri, IR6 and NSICRC222 being used as potential varieties in different countries of Asia as susceptible check and IR64-SUB1 as tolerant check. The genotypic screening was performed using two PCR-based DNA markers i.e. ART5 and SC3. Phenotypic screening was conducted in a natural pond to assess the interaction of SUB1 gene in natural stagnant flood water as well as the suitability of introgression of SUB1 gene into approved varieties and elite rice lines. The genotypes were assessed in terms of plant survival percentage, submergence tolerance index, physical condition, stem elongation, number of grains per panicle, thousand grain weight, grain yields and deviations in these traits after submergence stress. The PCR results suggested that both the primers ART5 and SC3 may be used as potential PCR-based markers for molecular screening of rice genotypes for SUB1 QTL. Furthermore, it confirmed the presence of SUB1 gene in all the lines imported from IRRI, while it was absent in all the local cultivars studied. All the genotypes with submergence tolerant gene (SUB1) showed significantly greater tolerance level in submergence stress of 14 days, as compared to other local cultivars/varieties, authenticating the effectiveness of SUB1QTL in conferring submergence tolerance. Significantly different performances of all the SUB1 genotypes in terms of all the studied traits indicate high Genotypic and Genotypic Environment Interaction (GEI) of SUB1QTL. Employment of SUB1 lines such as R105479:149-18, IR64-SUB1 and Rl05469:81-22-3 in breeding programs for developing flood tolerant rice varieties might further upsurge rice yields in flash flood areas. Correlation analysis revealed that plant survival percentage after submergence, reduced stem elongation during submergence and submergence tolerance index are very important traits for developing submergence tolerant lines.