SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat

Article citations


Smoot, G.F. (2007) Reviews of Modern Physics, 79, 1349-1379. (2008) Postepy Fizyki, 59, 52-79. (2007) Успехи Физических Наук, 177, 1294-1317.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Explanation of the Michelson-Morley Experiment Results by Means Universal Frame of Reference

    AUTHORS: Karol Szostek, Roman Szostek

    KEYWORDS: Kinematics of Bodies, Universal Frame of Reference, Coordinate and Time Transformation, One-Way Speed of Light, Anisotropy of Cosmic Microwave Background

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Modern Physics, Vol.8 No.11, October 27, 2017

    ABSTRACT: It is commonly thought that the Michelson-Morley experiment from 1887 and Kennedy-Thorndike experiment from 1932 demonstrated that the universal frame of reference (ether) does not exist and that the velocity of light in vacuum is absolutely constant. The analysis of this experiment led to the creation of the Special Theory of Relativity (STR). The article explains why Michelson-Morley and Kennedy-Thorndike experiments could not detect the universal frame of reference. In this article, a different transformation of time and position than the Lorentz transformation is derived on the basis of the geometric analysis of the Michelson-Morley and Kennedy-Thorndike experiments. The transformation is derived based on the assumption that the universal frame of reference (UFR) exists. UFR is a frame of reference in which the velocity of light is constant in every direction. In inertial frames of reference moving in the UFR, the velocity of light may be different. The article has derived the formula for relative speed and patterns for the maximum and minimum speed of light that can be measured in the inertial system. Finally, the anisotropy of the microwave background radiation has been explained by using the presented theory. According to the body kinematics model presented in this article, anisotropy of cosmic microwave background is the Doppler effect for observer moving in the UFR.