SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.

 

Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
   
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat
(or Email:book@scirp.org)

Article citations

More>>

J. Xu, B.-H. Guo, R. Yang, Q. Wu, G.-Q. Chen and Z.-M. Zhang, “In situ FTIR study on melting and crystallization of polyhydroxyalkanoates,” in Polymer, Vol. 43, pp. 6893-6899.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Crystallization Kinetics of Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) Granules in Different Environmental Conditions

    AUTHORS: Michael Porter, Jian Yu

    KEYWORDS: Avrami model, crystallization kinetics, PHA, PHB granules, biopolyester particles

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, Vol.2 No.3, May 6, 2011

    ABSTRACT: Poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) is a natural biopolyester accumulated in microbial cells as tiny amorphous granules. The nano- micro-particles have a variety of potential applications and behave differently in different environments. In this work, the in situ crystallization of native PHB granules was investigated under different environmental conditions. The isothermal crystallization kinetics of the granules was shown to follow Avrami’s equation. The model parameter describing crystal growth is a function of temperature or pH and estimated from in situ crystallization measurements with attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. Empirical equations describing crystal growth are derived for the parameter values. PHB granules heated at 80-140°C in acidic solution (pH 2) up to 4 hr showed an increase in crystallinity from about 5% to 35% and moderate particle aggregation. PHB granules suspended in alkaline solutions (pH 9-12) at room temperature up to 4 hr showed an increase in crystallinity up to 45% and very little particle aggregation. It was found that the amorphousness of PHB granules in vivo is stabilized by water, lipids and proteins. Upon removal of these impurities, partial crystallization is induced which may inhibit extensive particle aggregation.