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Fundo Monetário Internacional (FMI) (2012) Dados disponíveis no www.imf.org

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Energy Integration in South America Region and the Energy Sustainability of the Nations

    AUTHORS: Miguel Edgar Morales Udaeta, Antonio Gomes dos Reis, José Aquiles Baesso Grimoni, Antonio Celso de Abreu Junior

    KEYWORDS: Energy Integration, Energy Planning, Energy Resources, Regional Geo-Energy, South America, En-ergy Policy, Development

    JOURNAL NAME: Energy and Power Engineering, Vol.7 No.5, May 5, 2015

    ABSTRACT: The objective of this manuscript is to analyze relation involving the energy sector and socioeco-nomic growth and, then, contextualize the process of energy integration within the development policies in South America. The methodology considers data related to the world’s economy and energy consumption and energy integration policy in countries and regions; and, South America’s energy potential and the energy integration process. Results show that despite the political and institutional difficulties involving the process, energy integration can bring a lot of benefits for countries development. The process of energy integration in South America is divided in three moments, but in both periods the transnational energy projects were restricted, mostly, by a bi-lateral plan and the creation of physical links in a region. In the 21th century’s context, it should be noted Brazil’s participation which has been consolidated as a lead country in this process, and, also the IIRSA (Initiative for the Integration of Regional Infrastructure in South America, nowadays renamed as COSIPLAN) like the main initiative in energy integration in the continent, in a context where the projects are no longer limited to traditional economic blocs. Finally, we note a lack of consensus in defining a comprehensive model of integration and solving asymmetries both within countries and between them.