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Hosseinzadeh, A., Saray, R.K. and Mahmoudi, S.M.S. (2010) Comparison of Thermal, Radical and Chemical Effects of EGR Gases Using Availability Analysis in Dual-Fuel Engines at Part Loads. Energy Conversion and Management, 51, 2321-2329.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2010.04.005
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/245160135_Comparison_of_thermal_radical
_and_chemical_effects_of_EGR_gases_using_availability_analysis_in_dual-fuel_engines_at_part_loads

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Effect of Exhaust Gas Recirculation on Performance and Emission Characteristics of a Diesel-Piloted Biogas Engine

    AUTHORS: Meshack Hawi, Robert Kiplimo, Hiram Ndiritu

    KEYWORDS: DICI Engine, Dual-Fuel Engine, EGR, NOX

    JOURNAL NAME: Smart Grid and Renewable Energy, Vol.6 No.4, April 20, 2015

    ABSTRACT: In this research, a Direct Injection Compression Ignition (DICI) engine was modified into a dual-fuel engine that used biogas as the primary fuel and diesel as pilot fuel, with the focus on reduction of harmful exhaust emissions while maintaining high thermal efficiency. The effect of exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) on engine performance and emission characteristics was studied. The EGR system was developed and tested with different EGR percentages, i.e. 0%, 10%, 20% and 30%. The effect of EGR on exhaust gas temperature and performance parameters like brake specific fuel consumption, brake power and brake thermal efficiency was studied. The performance and emission characteristics of the modified engine were compared with those of the conventional diesel engine. The results showed that EGR led to a decrease in specific fuel consumption and an increase in brake thermal efficiency. With increase in percent (%) of EGR, the percentage increase in brake thermal efficiency was up to 10.3% at quarter load and up to 14.5% at full load for single fuel operation while for dual-fuel operation an increase up to 9.5% at quarter load and up to 11.2% at full load was observed. The results also showed that EGR caused a decrease in exhaust gas temperature; hence it’s potential to reduce NOX emission. However, emissions of HC and CO increased slightly with EGR.