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Chu, C. C. H. (2013). The Interpretation of Bare Predicate Adjectives in Modern Mandarin—Where Does Its Comparative Meaning Come From? Paper to be presented at the 21st Annual Conference of the International Association of Chinese Linguistics (IACL), 7th June-9th June 2013, Taipei: National Taiwan Normal University.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Restructuring Taiwan Southern Min ū “HAVE” in Adjectival Predicate Constructions

    AUTHORS: Zhiren Zheng

    KEYWORDS: Taiwan Southern Min, Syntax, Dialect, Adjectival Predicate, Restriction, Degree Words

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Modern Linguistics, Vol.4 No.5, December 18, 2014

    ABSTRACT: It has been widely discussed that Taiwan Southern Min ū “HAVE” (hereafter TSM ū “HAVE”) allows adjectival predicates as its complements, such as Kaka ū suí “Kaka is beautiful”. Besides, TSM ū “HAVE” in this kind of construction is analysed as an emphatic-assertive marker; however, there are quite few studies concerning whether it can select any adjectival predicates as its complements or has any restrictions. I hence investigate whether TSM ū “HAVE” has any restrictions by five tests: (a) mono/disyllabic adjectives, (b) reduplicated adjectives, (c) degree adverbs, (d) comparative morpheme khah “COMP/more” and (e) measure phrases with adjective phrases. Finally, I claim that TSM ū “HAVE” cannot select closed-scale adjectives, non-predicative adjectives and the reduplicated adjectives as its complements. Also, TSM ū “HAVE” is incompatible with degree words, which express the intensified readings, whereas the comparative morpheme khah “COMP/more” can repair those ungrammatical sentences by means of denoting a comparative reading. Finally, the adjectival predicates can be modified by measure phrases like Mandarin Chinese. In conclusion, TSM ū “HAVE” actually cannot select any types of adjectives and it does have the restriction incompatible with the intensified degree adverbs.