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D’Andrade, R. (1992) Schemas and motivation. In: D’Andrade R. and Strauss, C., Eds., Human Motives and Cultural Models, Cambridge University Press, New York, 23-44. doi:10.1017/CBO9781139166515.003

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Cultural models of female breasts and breast cancer among Korean women

    AUTHORS: Eunyoung E. Suh

    KEYWORDS: Breast Cancer; Cultural; Korean; Qualitative; Phenomenology

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Nursing, Vol.3 No.5, September 13, 2013

    ABSTRACT: Although a great many qualitative descriptions of the experience of having breast cancer exist, they overwhelmingly represent experiences of women in Western cultures and are based on assumptions that stem from Western individualism. This study explores and describes cultural models shared by a group of non-Western women, South Koreans, in reference to female breasts and breast cancer. The hermeneutic phenomenology-grounded qualitative study was conducted with 40 Korean women, between 23 and 81 years of age, half of whom were breast cancer survivors. The analysis elicited two cultural models, both characterized in terms of physical relationships to others (as opposed to the woman’s individual or independent view of her body): a breast-feeding mother to a child and an attractive wife to a husband. Female breasts are interpreted as a medium that connects women to roles as mothers and wives. Breast cancer can lead women to detach from their previous relational and role-oriented identities. Cultural traditions, cultural concepts, and culture-related health beliefs in Korea are interwoven deeply in the women’s stories about breasts, as a gendered organ, and its disease. The findings suggest that understanding indigenous cultural models should precede any supportive breast cancer care for women from non-Western cultural backgrounds.