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Bjorntorp, P., & Rosmond, R. (2000). Neuroendocrine abnormalities in visceral obesity. International Journal of Obesity Related Metabolic Disorders, 24, S80-S85. doi:10.1038/sj.ijo.0801285

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Body Mass Index Does Not Affect Grooved Pegboard Performance in Healthy South African Adults

    AUTHORS: Charles H. van Wijk

    KEYWORDS: Body Mass Index; BMI; Gender Differences; Grooved Pegboard; Psychomotor Performance; HIV

    JOURNAL NAME: Psychology, Vol.4 No.1, January 11, 2013

    ABSTRACT: Obesity has been associated with poorer performance on the Grooved Pegboard (GP) among healthy older adults. The GP is widely used in South Africa, among others for the assessment of HIV Associated Neurocognitive Disorders. Obesity is growing among the younger adult population inSouth Africa, which is the group also most at risk for HIV. It is not clear what the interaction between body mass and GP performance would be among a group of healthy younger adults. This study investigated whether body mass might affect fine psychomotor skills. A sample of 850 healthy adults (20 - 49 years) completed the GP and had their Body Mass Index (BMI) calculated. The relationship between GP and BMI was examined using ANOVA and correlation coefficients. The expected gender differences in GP performance found elsewhere were demonstrated in this sample. No significant interactions between BMI categories and GP times were found, and no significant correlations between BMI continuous scores and GP times were found either. In spite of the presence of a wide weight spectrum among the participants and the absence of any history of known medical disease, the lack of significant BMI-GP interactions suggest that the effect of BMI may generally be discounted when interpreting GP results.