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Y. Onoda, T. Hirose and K. Hikosaka, “Does Leaf Pho-tosynthesis Adapt to CO2-Enriched Environments? An Experiment on Plants Originating from Three Natural CO2 Springs,” New Phytologist, Vol. 182, No. 3, 2009, pp. 698-709. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8137.2009.02786.x

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Elevated Carbon Dioxide Alters the Relative Fitness of Taraxacum officinale Genotypes

    AUTHORS: James A. Bunce

    KEYWORDS: Dandelion; Taraxacum officinale; Elevated Carbon Dioxide; Fitness; Growth; Photosynthesis; Leaf Initiation; Adaptation

    JOURNAL NAME: American Journal of Plant Sciences, Vol.3 No.2, February 28, 2012

    ABSTRACT: I tested whether elevated [CO2] affected which genotypes of Taraxacum officinale had highest fitness in two field experiments. In one experiment, T. officinale plants which persisted as weeds in alfalfa plots in open top chambers at ambient and elevated [CO2] were compared. In a second experiment, T. officinale seeds collected from local habitats were mixed and scattered in open top chambers at ambient and elevated [CO2], and plants producing seeds after one and two years in monocultures were compared. In both experiments seeds produced in each chamber were collected, and many plants from the seed lot from each chamber were grown in controlled environment chambers to test whether the [CO2] of the chamber of origin affected the mean value of various plant parameters. In both experiments, the results indicated that field exposure to elevated [CO2] altered the relative fitness of genotypes. Elevated [CO2] favored genotypes which produced biomass more rapidly at elevated [CO2] in both experiments, primarily because of faster rates of leaf initiation. The results suggest that genotypes of this species vary widely in fitness at elevated [CO2] whether grown in monocultures or in mixed communities, and that this species could adapt rapidly to rising atmospheric [CO2].