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OMS (2002) Rapport mondial sur la violence et la sante. Editions d. OMS, Geneve, 404.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Determinants of Sexual Violence in the City of Lubumbashi: Household Survey in Kampemba Health District

    AUTHORS: Mwarabu Much’apa Bienfait, Ilunga Kandolo Simon, Bady Kabuya Gabin, Katenda Kankokwe Cathy, Malonga Kaj Françoise, Kakoma Sakatolo Zambeze Jean-Baptiste

    KEYWORDS: Determinants, Sexual Violence, Household Survey, Lubumbashi, Kampemba Health District

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Access Library Journal, Vol.6 No.7, July 31, 2019

    ABSTRACT: Introduction: A major impediment to sustainable development, sexual assault imposes exorbitant costs on families, communities and economies. The objec-tive of the study was to identify the determinants of sexual violence in urban areas. Methodology: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study in the form of a survey of 501 households conducted on 17 and 20 May 2018 at Bongonga District in the Kampemba Health District in Lubumbashi. The sampling was proportionally stratified randomly and the sampling rate was 17. Collected by the structured interview technique after obtaining informed consent, the data were analyzed by the SPSS software version 23. Univariate analyzes, bivariate and multivariate were made. Results: The community prevalence of sexual violence was 31.1%. Almost all of the victims were female (98.0%). The median age at first sexual experience was 17 years and the mean age was 15.8 ± 8 years. Six variables, namely the history of sexual violence during childhood (AOR = 30.2 95% CI [10.4 - 87.4], p = 0.000), the feast (AOR = 4.9 95% CI [1.2 - 19.7], p = 0.027), mental handicap (AOR = 0.079 95% CI [0.02 - 0.34], p = 0.001), sexy clothing (AOR = 0.11 95% CI [0.02 - 0.56], p = 0.008), drunk-enness (AOR = 0.081 95% CI [0.02 - 0.36], p = 0.001) and living in a couple (AOR = 0.532 95% CI [0.33 - 0.87], p = 0.011), have been found to be deter-minants of sexual violence. Conclusion: Despite their magnitude, sexual vio-lence, whose main determinants are the antecedent of sexual violence during childhood and living together, remains a neglected health problem in the city of Lubumbashi.