SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat

Article citations


Robinson, J.L., Seal, R.F., Spady, D.W. and Joffres, M.R. (1998) Comparison of Esophageal, Rectal, Axillary, Bladder, Tympanic, and Pulmonary Artery Temperatures in Children. Journal of Pediatrics, 133, 553-556.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Optimization of the Recommended Time for Rectal Temperature Measurement in Children: An Observational Study

    AUTHORS: Qian Zhao, Yanwei Li, Leshan Zhou

    KEYWORDS: Fever, Mercury Thermometer, Pediatrics, Rectal Temperature

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Pediatrics, Vol.9 No.2, May 29, 2019

    ABSTRACT: Background: This study aimed to determine the optimum time required to measure rectal temperature in children with mercury-in-glass thermometers. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study involved a random sample of pediatric patients ≤5 years of age. Body temperature was measured for 3 - 5 minutes using standard mercury-in-glass rectal thermometers. Outcomes were rectal body temperatures at 1, 2, and 3 minutes until reaching a stable rectal temperature, and the final rectal temperature. Results: This study recruited 120 children. Mean time to reach a stable rectal temperature was 1.8 minutes (range: 30 seconds to five minutes). 90% of pediatric patients’ temperature came out within ±0.1°C of the final temperature at two minutes. There was no correlation between the time taken to reach a stable rectal temperature and age, body weight, gender, or the final temperature. Conclusion: Mercury-in-glass thermometers can be used to obtain accurate rectal temperature measurements at two minutes in routine pediatric practice.