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Article citations


Madoff, R.D. and Fleshman, J.W. (2004) American Gastroenterological Association Technical Review on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hemorrhoids. Gastroenterology, 126, 1463-1473.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Elastic Ligation of Internal Hemorrhoids: Where Are We Now?

    AUTHORS: H. Abid, G. Ousseur, R. Benjira, M. Lahlali, A. Lamine, N. Lahmidani, M. El Yousfi, N. Aqodad, D. Benajah, A. Ibrahimi, M. El Abkari

    KEYWORDS: Internal Hemorrhoids, Elastic Ligature, Evolution

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol.9 No.1, January 24, 2019

    ABSTRACT: Hemorrhoidal disease requires different means of treatment: medical, surgical and instrumental. Among these, the elastic ligature seems to be an effective and widespread technique in the world. The aim of our study is to report our experience in methodology and short and medium term results of ligation in a population that strongly fears surgery. Patients and Methods: It’s about a retrospective and descriptive study of 208 outpatients treated with elastic ligations for symptomatic internal hemorrhoids. These patients were collected over a period of 15 years (October 2003-April 2018) at the gastroenterology department of Hassan II CHU in Fez. Results: The average age of our patients was 50.3 years [20 - 82 years] with a sex-ratio M/F of 2.85. The clinical signs were dominated by rectorrhagia (99%) complicated by anemia in 116 cases requiring blood transfusion in 72 cases, followed by proctalgia (27.4%). Transit disorders were noted in 65 patients (31.2%). Indications for elastic ligation were symptomatic internal hemorrhoids Grade 3 (65.4%) and Grade 2 (34.6%). The average number of ligation sessions that achieved the therapeutic goal was 2.30 sessions [1 - 4]. The average number of rings per session was 3.1 rings [1 - 6]. Moderate to severe pain was reported by 20 patients (9.6%) mostly within 6 hours of ligation. Minimal rectorrhagia was reported in 33 cases (15.8%). There were no major complications who required a hospitalization. The success rate was 80.7% (n = 168). Surgery was performed in 31 patients (14.9%) and sclerosis in 7 patients (3.3%). Conclusion: The elastic ligation of internal hemorrhoids remains an effective and inexpensive technique when it comes to the treatment of symptomatic internal hemorrhoids of Grade 2 to 3. The results obtained in our study were very reassuring and motivating.