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Article citations


Warburg, M. (2007) Longevity in Salamandra infraimmaculata from Israel with a Partial Review of Life Expectancy in Urodeles. Salamandra, 43, 21-34.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Damage to Salamandra infraimmaculata Populations by Human Activity in Creating Water Pits Is a Death Trap in Semi-Arid Habitats

    AUTHORS: Gad Degani, Udi Grosman, Tali Goldberg, Nadav Hanegbi

    KEYWORDS: Amphibia, Body Mass, Israel, Migration, Reproduction Cycle, Salamandra

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Animal Sciences, Vol.9 No.1, December 20, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The different breeding sites of Salamandra infraimmaculata on the southern border of its distribution were examined and mapped in order to estimate the damage caused by water holes that could represent death traps for salamanders in xeric habitats. Among the various types of breeding sites (springs, streams, water holes, winter pools and reservoirs), the larvae of salamanders were detected in high numbers in springs and streams (503) and water holes (48), and in relatively low numbers in winter pools. Two water holes were examined in detail to estimate the damage caused to S. infraimmaculata where breeding places are limited. During the winter, both males and females enter a water hole for breeding. The percentage of males in and around the water hole was 42% and that of females 29%. After the salamanders’ oviposition in the water, they try to return to terrestrial habitats, but are unable to do so and lose weight and die. The body mass index (BMI) of salamanders decreases from winter (December) after they move to the water hole to spring (April), when they are found in the water hole. The estimation of potential damage is about 300 mature salamanders annually.