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Matsuoka, K., Kato, K., Takao, T., Ogawa, M., Ishii, Y., Shimizu, F., Masuda, J. and Takada, A. (2016) Concentrations of Various Tryptophan Metabolites Increase in Patients of Diabetes Mellitus Compared to Healthy Aged Male Adults. Diabetology International.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Measurement of Tryptophan Metabolites in Healthy Old Men and Patients of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM)

    AUTHORS: Akikazu Takada, Fumiko Shimizu, Tetsuya Takao, Junichi Masuda

    KEYWORDS: Tryptophan, Serotonin, 5-Hydroxyindole Acetic Acid, Kynurenine, 3-Hydroxykynurenine, Kynurenic Acid

    JOURNAL NAME: Food and Nutrition Sciences, Vol.9 No.10, October 24, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Background: Plasma levels of tryptophan (TRP) metabolites have not been measured extensively in patients of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods: Metabolites analysis was performed by a liquid chromatograph tandem mass spectrometer, the LCMS-8060 quadrupole mass spectrometer combined with Nexera X2 liquid chromatograph system (Shimadzu Corporation, Kyoto, Japan). Body mass index (BMI) and TRP metabolites have been measured in healthy old men (n = 20) and patients of T2DM (n = 20). TRP metabolites were measured by using the ultrahigh speed liquid chromatography-mass spectros-copy (Shimadzu Corporation). Results: The plasma levels of 5-hydroxytryptophan (5-HTRP), 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), kynurenic acid (KNA), 3-hydroxykynurenine (3-HKN), and 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid (3-HAA) were higher in patients of T2DM than healthy old men. Since 5HTRP and 5-HIAA belong to the serotonin pathway, and KNA, 3-HKN, and 3-HAA belong to the KN pathway of TRP metabolism, these pathways were activated more in the patients of T2DM. Since plasma levels of Indole-3-acetic acid were not elevated in T2DM, that pathway was not activated more in T2DM. Serotonin levels were not increased but 5-HIAA levels were increased in the plasma of T2DM patients, which may mean that serotonin was quickly metabolized to 5-HIAA in the patients of T2DM. Conclusion: Plasma levels of tryptophan metabolites in serotonin and kynurenine pathways increased in T2DM patients. Obesity expressed by BMI may not influence tryptophan metabolism in healthy old men and T2DM patients. These results indicate that our new method of the simultaneous measurements of all the tryptophan metabolites is the powerful measure to identify factor related to endogenous stresses seen in DM.