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Chie, T., Kaori, N., Masako, N. and Nobuyuki, S. (2017) Differences between Vertical and Horizontal Layout Trail Making Tests: A Study Based on a Comparison of Healthy Young Subjects. Japanese Journal of Neuropsychology, 33, 207-215.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: A Study on Visual Search during the Trail Making Test: Analysis Using an Eye Tracker

    AUTHORS: Daisuke Kimura, Taro Ohtoshi, Hiroki Bizen, Aiko Imai, Masako Notoya, Kazumasa Yamada

    KEYWORDS: Trail Making Test, Eye Tracker, Attention

    JOURNAL NAME: Neuroscience and Medicine, Vol.9 No.3, September 4, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The Trail Making Test A (TMT-A) is a task related to visual search. Therefore, performance in the TMT-A has a high possibility of being influenced by visual information, such as the arrangement of numbers. The purpose of this study was to measure eye movements during the TMT-A using an eye tracker, to analyze differences in enforcement and trace execution, and to examine appropriate inspection drawings as visual search tasks. Study 1 was performed in 14 young healthy subjects and Study 2 was performed in 6 young healthy subjects. The English and Japanese versions of the TMT-A were administered as usual and the subjects performed the traces in a sitting position. The eye movements of the subjects were measured during the task. We analyzed the combined motion angles of both eyes. We compared the average values (30 Hz/s) of movement in the horizontal (X-axis) and vertical (Y-axis) directions during the normal administration of the English and Japanese version of the TMT-A. We also compared the traces performed by the subjects. There were no differences in tracing or enforcement in the English version of the TMT-A. Especially in the vertical visualization operation, it was shown that the normal enforcement was fewer than the tracing, and almost no up-to-down search was performed. In contrast, the subjects performed visual searches in all directions during the Japanese version of the TMT-A.