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Igwe, M.N., Uwakwe, R., Ahanotu, C.A., Onyeama, G.M., Bakare, M.O. and Ndukuba, A.C. (2013) Factors Associated with Depression and Suicide among Patients with Diabetes Mellitus and Essential Hypertension in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital. African Health Sciences, 13, 68-77.
https://doi.org/10.4314/ahs.v13i1.10

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Association of Hypertension and β-Blocker Use with Depression during Pregnancy

    AUTHORS: Alicia M. McCarthy, Ying Zhou, Marci Adams, Rita Elue, Nicole Diaz, Beth A. Plunkett

    KEYWORDS: β-Blocker, Depression, Hypertension, Labetalol, Pregnancy

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol.8 No.11, September 4, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Objective: To evaluate the association between hypertension and β-blocker (BB) use and antepartum depression risk. Patients and Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of women who delivered within our integrated health system between 2009 and 2015, and completed an Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) during pregnancy. Increased depression risk was defined as EPDS score ≥ 10, or an affirmative answer to question ten, endorsing self-harm. Antepartum hypertension was determined by blood pressure measurements and provider ICD-9 codes. Regression analyses examined the independent associations of BB use and hypertension on antepartum depression risk. Results: Of 9192 deliveries during the study time frame, 5% were hypertensive. Within the hypertensive group, 103 (22%) used a single agent BB (BB Group), 325 (68%) required no antihypertensive medication (No-Med Group), and 48 (10%) used a non-BB single agent or multi-agent therapy (All-Other Group). After adjusting for covariates, compared to normotensive pregnancies, antepartum hypertension was significantly associated with both EPDS score ≥ 10 (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.61, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.17 - 2.21) and endorsement of self-harm (aOR 1.76, 95% CI 1.05 - 2.95). In further analyses of depression risk in hypertensive pregnancies, there was no difference between the BB Group and No-Med Group (EPDS score ≥ 10, aOR 1.22, 95% CI 0.56 - 2.63; self-harm, aOR 0.84, 95% CI 0.32 - 2.21), or between the All-Other Group and No-Med Group (EPDS ≥ 10, aOR 1.42, 95% CI 0.57 - 3.54; self-harm, aOR 1.04, 95% CI 0.29 - 3.74). Conclusion: Women with antepartum hypertension have increased risk for depression and thoughts of self-harm. β-Blocker use is not associated with further increased risk.