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Ko, F.N., Lee, Y.S., Kuo, S.C., Chang, Y.S. and Teng, C.M. (1995) Inhibition on Platelet Activation by Shikonin Derivatives Isolated from Arnebia euchroma. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA), Molecular Cell Research, 1268, 329-334.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Acetylshikonin Inhibits Colorectal Cancer Growth via PI3K/Akt/mTOR Signaling Pathway

    AUTHORS: Yuzhen Zhu, Yu Zhong, Yu Zhou, Yanyan Liu, Qionglin Huang, Zhe Huang, Yongcun Wang, Hua Ye, Xiaobing Zeng, Xuebao Zheng

    KEYWORDS: Arnebia euchroma, Acetylshikonin, Colorectal Cancer, Apoptosis, PI3K/Akt/mTOR Pathway

    JOURNAL NAME: Chinese Medicine, Vol.9 No.3, August 8, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Background: Acetylshikonin, a major constituent isolated from Arnebia euchroma, is a potential candidate for anti-colorectal cancer drugs. However, the potential activity and underlying mechanism of Acetylshikonin against colorectal cancer remain unclear. Methods: In this study, Acetylshikonin was isolated from the active CHCl3 extract of Arnebia euchroma using activity-guided screening, and elucidated by the extensive spectroscopic analysis and comparison with literature data. Human colorectal cancer cells HT29, DLD-1, HCT116 or Caco-2 were exposed to different concentrations of Acetylshikonin (6.25 - 100 μg/mL) for 24 or 48 h. Cell viability, cell apoptosis and cell cycle distribution were detected. The activity of Acetylshikonin and potential mechanism of the phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway were evaluated in vitro and vivo. Results: We found that Acetylshikonin exhibited remarkable anti-proliferative activity in a dose-dependent manner against HT29 cells with the IC50 values of 60.82 μg/ml and 30.78 μg/ml at 24, 48 h, respectively. Moreover, Acetylshikonin induced cell cycle arrest at G0/G1 phase and early apoptosis through inhibition of PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. Furthermore, the assays of cell inhibition, early apoptosis and G0/G1 phase distribution showed that suppression of the PI3K/Akt pathway using LY294002 enhanced the anti-cancer effect of Acetylshikonin. Similarly, Acetylshikonin also decreased the growth of tumour in colorectal cancer xenografts in mice through PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway. Conclusions: To sum up, these new findings provided a framework for further exploration of Acetylshikonin which possessed the potential antitumor activity by inhibiting PI3K/Akt/mTOR pathway.