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Cosman, F., et al. (2011) Effects of Intravenous Zoledronic Acid plus Subcutaneous Teriparatide [rhPTH(1-34)] in Postmenopausal Osteoporosis. Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, 26, 503-511.
https://doi.org/10.1002/jbmr.238

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Sequential Treatment Reduces the Acute Phases of Adverse Effect of Zoledronic Acid in First Time Users

    AUTHORS: Jinmei Deng, Dongmei Cai, Suming Jie, Enjing Chen, Xiuzhen Cai, Yanbing Li

    KEYWORDS: Zoledronic Acid, Alendronate Sodium, Raloxifene, Calcitonin, Postmenopausal, Osteoporosis, Adverse Reaction

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol.8 No.7, July 18, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Objective: To investigate whether sequential regimen such as traditional anti-reabsorption medications followed by zoledronic acid could reduce the side effects after initiation of zoledronic acid in postmenopausal osteoporosis patients. Methods: A total of 156 postmenopausal osteoporosis patients who presented at our osteoporosis outpatient clinic were enrolled in this study. They were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, alendronate group, calcitonin group, and raloxifene group. All participants were treated with Caltrate 600 mg per day and calcitriol 0.25 ug per day as a baseline treatment, followed by administrating 5 mg/100 mL of zoledronic acid intravenously for one single time three months afterwards. During the abovementioned course of three months, the alendronate group received 70 mg of alendronate sodium orally once a week, the calcitonin group received nasal spray form of salmon calcitonin 10iu daily, the raloxifene group received 60mg of raloxifene orally daily, and the control group received nothing but only the baseline treatment. We tested parameters such as β-cross, blood calcium level, renal function both pre and post zoledronic acid treatment. We also documented those side effects that typically occurred within one week of treatment initiation, which included the proportion, severity, onset time, and duration of the fever, demand for pain medication, severity of bone and joint pain, flu-like symptoms, arrhythmia, blood calcium level, and kidney function impairment. We also evaluated how willing the patients were to receive a second dose of zoledronic acid. Then we did comparative analysis between control group and sequential group. Results: The side effects such as fever, bone and joint pain, flu-like symptoms after zoledronic acid treatment in alendronate group and calcitonin group were all significantly lower than that in control group, while raloxifene group showed no significant difference compared to that in the control group. The proportions of patients who needed NSAIDs in the alendronate group and the calcitonin group were significantly lower than that in control group. However, the raloxifene group showed no significant difference in the NSAIDs demand from that of the control group. The percentages of patients who consented to a second dose of zoledronate therapy in the alendronate, calcitonin and raloxifene groups were significantly higher than that in the control group. Conclusions: Sequential treatment with alendronate sodium or calcitonin can significantly reduce the side effects such as fever, bone/joint pain, flu-like symptoms caused by first-time zoledronic acid therapy. Raloxifene sequential treatment does not seem to have decreased or increased the side effects of zoledronic acid treatment. Also, sequential treatment can improve the patient compliance with a second dose of zoledronic acid.