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Thong, H.T. and Liebert, F. (2004) Potential for Protein Deposition and Threonine Requirement of Modern Genotype Barrows Fed Graded Levels of Protein with Threonine as Limiting Amino Acid. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition, 88, 196-203.
https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0396.2004.00457.x

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Effects of the Partial Replacement of Soybean Meal by Insect or Algae Meal in Chicken Diets with Graded Amino Acid Supply on Parameters of Gut Microbiology and Dietary Protein Quality

    AUTHORS: Susanne Velten, Carmen Neumann, Jenny Schäfer, Frank Liebert

    KEYWORDS: Growing Chickens, N Utilization Model, Body Analyses, Feed Protein Quality, Gut Microbiology, Precaecal Digestibility, Spirulina platensis, Hermetia illucens

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Animal Sciences, Vol.8 No.3, July 13, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Insects or algae are considered future solutions to substitute imported feed proteins like soybean meal (SBM) in animal nutrition. The objective of this research, as part of the multidisciplinary project “Sustainability transitions”, focused on replacing 50% SBM by partly defatted larvae meal from black soldier flies (Hermetia illucens) or the blue-green algae Spirulina platensis in meat type chicken diets. The current study aimed to evaluate the effects on body composition, protein quality, apparent precaecal digestibility (apcD) and parameters of intestinal microbiota. In total, 288 one-day-old male growing chickens (Ross 308) from a commercial hatchery were randomly allotted to 48 pens (6 birds per pen) across five diets, which were fed at a free choice level. The control diet utilized SBM, wheat and corn as main ingredients, and experimental diets replaced 50% of SBM by the alternative proteins under study. Amino acid (AA) supplementation of the final diets was conducted both at a basic level (diets HM, SM; Lys and Met added equal to the control diet) and an extended level of AA fortification (diets HM+, SM+; extended supplementation of Lys, Met, Thr, Arg). After finishing the growth study, 4 individual birds per diet were slaughtered for whole body analyses to derive nutrient utilization and dietary protein quality parameters. Additionally, pooled chyme samples from 16 birds per diet (control, HM and SM) were analyzed to assess apcD and microbial parameters. Diets HM and SM with a basic level of AA fortification led to significant depressions in nutrient deposition and dietary protein quality. However, HM+ and SM+ diets with an extended level of AA supplementation led to significantly improved responses; however these were still generally not on par with the control diet. The HM+ diet provided superior CP deposition and dietary protein quality, as compared to the SM+ diet, but equal to the control diet. Results of gut microbiology yielded no significant effects due to feeding the alternative protein sources under study.