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Carnap, R., Hahn, H., & Neurath, O. (1929). WissenschaftlicheWeltauffassung—Der Wiener Kreis. Wien: Artur Wolf Verlag.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Role of an Implicit Assumption of Causality in the Methodology of Empirical Research

    AUTHORS: Anna Storozhuk

    KEYWORDS: Theory-Laden Empirical Data, Determinism, Сhaotic Causality

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Philosophy, Vol.8 No.3, May 29, 2018

    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the article is to point out the causal ladenness of empirical data in the social sciences. This is a kind of theory ladenness, representing implicit assumptions about the deterministic nature of political processes. The nonlinear and chaotic nature of social phenomena requires the collection of data not only about the current state of the system, but also about the evolution of the system. Using an example, we illustrate that the conclusions made on the basis of information about the final state can be very different from the conclusions made on the basis of monitoring the dynamics of the system. Low-importance factors can have big consequences in a chaotic case and, vice versa, there takes place fading of causality: considerable efforts can lead to more than modest results. For the successful management of political life, it is important to be able to identify the impacts that lead to great consequences.