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World Health Organization (2000) Obesity: Preventing and Managing the Global Epidemic. WHO Technical Reports No. 894, World Health Organization, Geneva.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Determinants of High Blood Pressure and Quality of Management in Three Regions of Benin

    AUTHORS: Mohamed Lamine Dramé, Corine Houehanou, Paulin Sogbohossou, René Paré, Armand Ekambi, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Dismand Houinato, Karel Gyselinck, Michael Marx, Maria Rosáttrio Oliveira Martins, Paulo Ferrinho

    KEYWORDS: High Blood Pressure, Determinants, Management, Benin

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Epidemiology, Vol.8 No.1, January 23, 2018

    ABSTRACT: Objective: The aim of this work was to determine the prevalence, associated factors and quality of high blood pressure (HBP) management in three regions of Benin in 2015. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study, with two components. The first component included adults aged from 18 to 69 years, selected using a three-stage random sampling within the households. Data were collected thanks to the French version of the WHO STEPS instrument. Anthropometric data, including blood pressure, capillary fasting glucose and total cholesterol were measured according to standard procedures. The second component included Public Health Centers (PHC) selected by a random stratified multi-stage sampling. Data were collected on the structures and the processes of HBP management using the standardized tool for assessing the capacities of management of non-communicable diseases in peripheral health centers provided by the World Health Organization. Results: A total of 4816 participants were included in the first component. The mean age was 35.8 ± 12.7 years. The weighted prevalence of HBP was 27.9% (95% Confidence Interval (CI) [25.6 - 30.2]). It was higher in the 60 - 69 years compared to the lower age groups (Adjusted Odd-ratio (ORa) = 5; 95% CI [3.9 - 6.5)]). HBP was positively associated with urban residence (ORa = 1.26; 95% CI [1.24 - 1.28]), obesity (ORa = 1.46; 95% CI [1.43 - 1.50]), hyperglycemia (ORa = 1.13; 95% CI [1.10 - 1.15)]) and hypercholesterolemia (ORa = 1.64; 95% CI [1.59 - 1.70)]). A total of 27 PHC were included in the second component. Taking blood pressure and other anthropometric measurements was not routine in PHC. Several essential medicines were not available in the PHC. A low level of community involvement in the management of HBP was noted. Conclusion: This study confirms the high prevalence of HBP and shows inadequacies in its management in the targeted PHC. More appropriate prevention and control measures for HBP should be implemented.