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B. Holling, J. Walker, F. Bengtsson, J. Berkes, K. Colding, M. Danell, L. Falkenmark, R. E. Gordon, N. Kasperson, A. Kautsky, S. Kinzig, S. K. G. Levin, F. M?ler, P. Moberg, L. Ohlsson, E. Olsson, W. Ostrom, J. Reid, S. Rockstr&?m, S. Savenije and U. Svedin, “Resilience and Sustainable Development: Building Adaptive Capacity in a World of Transformations,” AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, Vol. 31, No. 5, 2002, pp. 437-440.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Vulnerability of People’s Livelihoods to Water Resources Availability in Semi Arid Areas of Tanzania

    AUTHORS: Shadrack Mwakalila

    KEYWORDS: Vulnerability, Livelihood, Water Resources, Great Ruaha Catchement

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol.3 No.9, September 29, 2011

    ABSTRACT: In semi-arid areas of Tanzania vulnerability context is depicted as the starting component for policy process analysis through the sustainable livelihood approach. Giving vulnerability a high prominence in this analysis allowed the research to consider all kinds of vulnerabilities as central issues to the ways in which livelihoods are shaped. Hence the Sustainable Livelihood framework was used in this research as the comprehensive framework for assessing the contributing factors to limited water resources availability to sustain people’s livelihoods. The study revealed that, changes in the quantity, timing, intensity and duration of rainfall as a result of climate change contributes to greater water stress and making people more vulnerable. Due to over-abstraction upstream of the Great Ruaha River, it implies that, people depending on the water resources downstream of the Great Ruaha River catchment are vulnerable. Their livelihoods are at risks as they don’t have water for irrigation and other economic activities. The study also revealed that, both vulnerability and livelihood strategies are derived through natural water availability which features droughts, climate change and the link between water availability, agricultural production, and outcomes.