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Brueckner, J.K. (2000) Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom: Theory and Evidence. Southern Economic Journal, 66, 505-625.
https://doi.org/10.2307/1061423

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Social Spending, Welfare and Redistribution: A Comparative Analysis of 22 European Countries

    AUTHORS: Maria Alessandra Antonelli, Valeria De Bonis

    KEYWORDS: Median Voter Model, Social Performance Index, Social Expenditure Efficiency

    JOURNAL NAME: Modern Economy, Vol.8 No.11, November 16, 2017

    ABSTRACT: This paper aims at analysing the effectiveness and the efficiency of social public expenditure in 22 European countries. We present a basic theoretical framework connecting the choice of the level of social protection to the median voter’s preferences and the inefficiency of expenditure. To test it against real data, we construct performance and efficiency indicators. While the existing literature measures the performance of social policy restricting the analysis to its impact on inequality and the labour market, our index summarises the outcomes achieved in all sectors of social protection (family, health, labour market elderly, disabled, unemployment, inequality). Based on this, we find that the ranking of countries differs from those found in the literature. We then put together performance and the amount of expenditure needed to achieve it (to better compare countries, we use social public expenditure net of tax and transfers), constructing efficiency indicators. Our results suggest that countries with a higher social expenditure inefficiency index present a greater variability of performance in all subsectors considered.