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Lu, J., Pirinccioglu, F. and Pernia, J. (2005) Safety Evaluation of Right Turns Followed by U-Turns at Signalized Intersections (6 or More Lanes) as an Alternative to Direct Left Turns—Conflict Analysis. Report Submitted to the Department of Transportation, University of South Florida.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Assessing the Effects of Indirect Left Turn on a Signalized Intersection Performance: A Case Study for the Tehran Metropolitan Area

    AUTHORS: Maxim A. Dulebenets, Amir M. Rahimi, Arash Mazaheri

    KEYWORDS: Transportation Engineering, Signalized Intersection, Indirect Left Turn, Access Management, Traffic Simulation, Synchro, Aimsun

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Applied Sciences, Vol.7 No.11, November 8, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Many signalized intersections are characterized with frequent left-turn moves. Vehicles waiting for a protected left turn may form long queues, which will increase the intersection delay and negatively impact the network performance. Researchers and practitioners across various countries underline that access management leads to a smoother traffic flow. One way of access management at intersections is to eliminate the direct left-turn maneuver. This study aims to evaluate how the traffic conditions will be affected from replacing the direct left turn with the right-turn U-turn maneuver at intersections. In case of the right-turn U-turn maneuver, a vehicle turns right instead of making the left turn and travels either to the median opening or to the next intersection to make a U-turn. Two simulation models are built using the Synchro Studio and Aimsun simulation software packages based on the data, collected from one of the busiest intersections in Tehran (Iran), to quantify the effects of replacing the direct left turn with the right-turn U-turn maneuver on the intersection and network performance. Results of a comprehensive simulation analysis indicate that the proposed access management treatment not only significantly reduces the total vehicle queue length and the total delay at the considered intersection, but also decreases the total network delay and the total travel time. Furthermore, elimination of the direct left turn increases the number of vehicles entering the network.