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Doumbia, K., Diarra, M., Konate, A., Sow, H., Soukho, A., Kalle, A. et al. (2012) Ascites, a Pejorative Complication in Cirrhotic in Tropical Environments. Médecine d’Afrique Noire, 59, 274-278.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Clinical and Etiological Profile of Ascites in the Departmental University Hospital of Porto-Novo

    AUTHORS: Jean Sehonou, Finangnon Armand Wanvoegbe, Aboudou Raïmi Kpossou, Kouessi Anthelme Agbodande, Josiane Dossou, Angelo Attinsounon, Adebayo Alassani, Angèle Azon-Kouanou, Albert Dovonou, Marcel Zannou, Fabien Houngbe

    KEYWORDS: Ascites, Etiology, Porto-Novo, Benin

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol.7 No.7, July 25, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Aim: To determine the frequency, the clinical and etiological aspects of ascites in the Internal Medicine Division of the University Hospital of Porto-Novo. Methods: It was a cross-sectional study with a descriptive focus covering the period from January 16 to August 31, 2015. It covered patients hospitalized for ascites in Internal Medicine Department at the Departmental University Hospital of Porto-Novo during the study period. Data were collected on a survey sheet and entered by Excel and analyzed with SPSS. The Chisquare test was used for statistical analysis and a significance threshold of 5% was retained. Results: Of the 511 hospitalized patients during the study period, 61 (11.9%) had ascites. The mean age was 49.6 ± 13.6 years with extremes of 19 years and 80 years. There was a male predominance with a sex ratio of 2.05. Ascites were often type III (34 patients, 55.7%), or type II (22 patients, 36.1%). The frequent signs were hepatomegaly (65.6%), splenomegaly (45.9%), pelvic limb edema (44.3%), and abdominal collateral venous circulation (39.3%). The macroscopic appearance of the ascites fluid was dominated by citrin yellow (82%), followed by hazy (11.5%). The hematic appearance was found in 6.5% of the cases. Hepatic cirrhosis was the most frequent etiology (34.4%) followed by overall heart failure (21.0%). Hepatocellular carcinoma was found in 16% of cases and nephrotic syndrome in 10% of cases. Conclusion: The etiological diversity of ascites, found in our study, imposes a careful clinical and paraclinical approach.