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Worldometeres (2016) Ethiopia Population.
http://www.worldometers.info/world
population/ethiopia-population/

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Comparative Evaluation of Spatial Interpolation Methods for Estimation of Missing Meteorological Variables over Ethiopia

    AUTHORS: Andualem Shigute Boke

    KEYWORDS: Spatial Interpolation, Meteorological Variables, Comparative Evaluation, Ethiopia

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Water Resource and Protection, Vol.9 No.8, July 4, 2017

    ABSTRACT: In developing countries like Ethiopia where there is abundant water resources potential and also luck of reliable meteorological quality data, it expected to face the problem of missing meteorological data. Therefore, in conducting any water resources studies in any river basin for water resource project planning and management (like small scale irrigation), the first step before starting data analysis is to fill up the missing values of the meteorological variables (like rainfall, temperature, sunshine, wind speed etc.) which are required to start the study. One way of filling these missing variables is using datasets from other stations in the surrounding and applying appropriate spatial interpolation methods. A lot of studies have been conducted around the world to identify which method is the best to be applied to particular study area among the available spatial interpolation techniques. But when we come to Ethiopia, the study area, few or no studies are conducted to recommend the best performed method. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to conduct comparative evaluation of five interpolation techniques Nearest Neighbour (NN), Inverse Distance Weighting Average (IDWA), Modified Inverse Distance Weighting Average (MIDWA), Kriging Method (KM) and Thin Plate Spline (TPS) for estimation of four climatic variables (rainfall, mean temperature, wind speed and sunshine fraction) over complex topography of Ethiopia. Performance assessment is done using Mean Error (ME), Mean Absolute Error (MAE), Mean Relative Error (MRE) and Root Mean Square Error (RMSE); and the number of the meteorological stations selected for validation is ten (10) and these are distributed over the study area taking into account the variation of elevation ranging from 860 m (Awash) to 2420 m (Debremarkos) above sea level. The radial distances of 100 km and 200 km were selected and it was found that 100 km radial distance was not appropriate to compare all methods as some variables could not be estimated by KM and TPS. Therefore, 200 km was selected for further analysis and the result showed that NN, IDWA, and MIDWA were best methods relative to the remaining two methods (KM and TPS) for all variables and all stations except at Dire Dawa and Addis Ababa-Bole for estimation of wind speed using all methods except NN, and rainfall using TPS, respectively. Hence, NN, IDWA, and MIDWA methods could be used for estimation of missing meteorological variables over Ethiopia whenever necessary.