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Kantra, S.D. and Makram, E.B. (2016) Development of the Decoupled Discrete- Time Jacobian Eigenvalue Approximation for Situational Awareness Utilizing open PDC. Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, 4, 21-35.
https://doi.org/10.4236/jpee.2016.49003

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Expansion of the Decoupled Discreet-Time Jacobian Eigenvalue Approximation for Model-Free Analysis of PMU Data

    AUTHORS: Sean D. Kantra, Elham B. Makram

    KEYWORDS: Synchrophasor, PMU, openPDC, Power Flow Jacobian, Decoupled Discrete-Time Jacobian Approximation (DDJEA), Singular Value Decomposition (SVD), High Impedance Fault (HIF), Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT)

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Power and Energy Engineering, Vol.5 No.6, June 15, 2017

    ABSTRACT: This paper proposes an extension of the algorithm in [1], as well as utilization of the wavelet transform in event detection, including High Impedance Fault (HIF). Techniques to analyze the abundant data of PMUs quickly and effectively are paramount to increasing response time to events and unstable parameters. With the amount of data PMUs output, unstable parameters, tie line oscillations, and HIFs are often overlooked in the bulk of the data. This paper explores model-free techniques to attain stability information and determine events in real-time. When full system connectivity is unknown, many traditional methods requiring other bus measurements can be impossible or computationally extensive to apply. The traditional method of interest is analyzing the power flow Jacobian for singularities and system weak points, attained by applying singular value decomposition. This paper further develops upon the approach in [1] to expand the Discrete-Time Jacobian Eigenvalue Approximation (DDJEA), giving values to significant off-diagonal terms while establishing a generalized connectivity between correlated buses. Statistical linear models are applied over large data sets to prove significance to each term. Then the off diagonal terms are given time-varying weights to account for changes in topology or sensitivity to events using a reduced system model. The results of this novel method are compared to the present errors of the previous publication in order to quantify the degree of improvement that this novel method imposes. The effective bus eigenvalues are briefly compared to Prony analysis to check similarities. An additional application for biorthogonal wavelets is also introduced to detect event types, including the HIF, for PMU data.