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Forlini, C., Schildmann, J., Roser, P., Beranek, R. and Vollmann, J. (2014) Knowledge, Experiences and Views of German University Students toward Neuroenhancement: An Empirical-Ethical Analysis. Neuroethics, 8, 83-92.
https://doi.org/10.1007/s12152-014-9218-z

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Methylphenidate Misuse in Adults: Survey of 414 Primary Care Physicians in Germany and Comparison with the Literature

    AUTHORS: Ria Thier, Ursula Gresser

    KEYWORDS: Methylphenidate, Misuse, Students, Prescription Drugs

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science, Vol.7 No.4, April 18, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Objectives: This paper deals with the methylphenidate (MPH) misuse by adults in Germany. Results of a survey among primary care physicians/internists have been supplemented by a comparison with the literature. Methods: In the period from October 5-20, 2015, a survey was sent to 414 primary care physicians/internists in four German cities (n = 10 were undeliverable). The response rate was 58% (n = 235). 34 original works on MPH abuse worldwide were found in the literature and are used in the analysis of the present data situation. The literature published before November 9, 2015 is considered in this paper. Results: 14% of the doctors who took part in the survey said that they had been asked for MPH prescriptions without any medical indication. The most frequent reason given for the request (42%) was adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) not verified by documents. According to the comparison with the literature, university students had a lifetime prevalence of MPH misuse ranging from 0.8% to 16.6% and school children had a misuse rate of 4.0%. In the civilian US population, the misuse rate was 4.2%. Among patients in possession of a current MPH prescription due to a diagnosis, the lifetime prevalence was 29% and among adolescents with suspected alcohol and/or drug problems 20%. Conclusions: MPH misuse is a major problem which has not been studied sufficiently. MPH misuse not only plays a role in the field of psychiatry, but also in other disciplines. Misuse particularly following a therapeutic prescription should be taken into account.