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Rasool, S., Ganai, B.A., Syed Sameer, A. and Masood, A. (2012) Esophageal Cancer: Associated Factors with Special Reference to the Kashmir Valley. Tumori, 98, 191-203.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Esophageal Cancer in Sudan: Demographic and Histopathlogical Variations

    AUTHORS: Asma Mahir Hamad, Mohamed Elbagir K. Ahmed, Abdulfattah Abdelgadir, Ikhlas B. Suliman

    KEYWORDS: Esophagus, Cancer, Histopathology, Sudan

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Gastroenterology, Vol.7 No.3, March 31, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Background: Sudan is experiencing a growing cancer problem. Esophageal cancer (EC) is a devastating disease with high mortality. Our objective was to study the demographic factors and histopathological pattern of EC cancer in Khartoum, Sudan. Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study, the records and histopathology reports of all patients diagnosed endoscopically as EC and who were referred to Zain center, a reference histopathology center in Khartoum Sudan, were studied over a 6-month period. Descriptive and simple statistics were used for analysis. Results: Out of 74 histopathologically studied patients, 66 (89.2%) had squamous cell (SCC) cancer (average age 59 y, mainly females) and 8 (10.8%) had adenocarcinoma (AC-average age 69 y). The female to male ratio is 1.5:1. In females with SCC, the tumors mainly located in the upper and middle thirds of the oesophagus. On the other hand, 6 out of the 8 patients with AC were men, with the tumors located mainly in the lower third. Conclusions: In Khartoum, Sudan, esophageal cancer affects females (predominantlySCC) more than males (predominantly AC). It occurs at a relatively young age, and is predominantly squamous cell in type. No specific risk factors were identified and this needs further studies.