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Article citations


Sonibare, A. and Akeredolu, A. (2006) Natural Gas Domestic Market Development for Total Elimination of Routine Flares in Nigeria’s Upstream Petroleum Operations. Energy Policy, 34, 743-753.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Natural Gas Flaring—Alternative Solutions

    AUTHORS: Azeez G. Aregbe

    KEYWORDS: Natural Gas, Gas Flaring, Harmful Effects, LNG, CNG, Gas Hydrate

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Engineering and Technology, Vol.5 No.1, February 28, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Gas flaring is one of the major problems in the world. It consumes useful natural resources and produces harmful wastes, which have negative impacts on the society. It is one of the most tedious energy and environmental problems facing the world today. It is a multi-billion dollar waste, a local environmental catastrophe and environmental problem which has persisted for decades. From the year 1996-2010, in Nigeria, 12,602,480.25 million ft3 of natural gas was flared (NNPC). This is equivalent to losing about 12,967.952 × 1012 Btu of energy that would have been used to generate power or converted to other forms of energy. In 2015, the World Bank estimated that 140 billion cubic meters of natural gas produced with oil is flared annually, mostly in developing countries without gas processing infrastructures, or other means of utilizing the produced gas. It is widely known that flaring or even, venting of gas contributes significantly to greenhouse gas emissions, with negative impacts on the environment. Thus, alternative solutions to reduce or utilize the quantity of gas flared are crucial issues. Therefore, the need to study and provide detailed understanding of these alternative solutions to gas flaring is important. This paperoutlined the harmful effects of gas flaring and the different possible alternatives to gas flaring. The proposed alternative solutions are gas for secondary oil recovery, feedstock for petrochemical plants, domestic uses, LNG & CNG, as well as energy conservation by storing as gas hydrate for future use or other purposes. Gas hydrate is stable above the freezing point of water and sufficiently high pressure. It is relatively stable under its saturation temperature and pressure and also much denser than normal ice. This property of gas hydrate can be experimentally investigated and capitalized on, to effectively store natural gas as hydrate for energy conservation instead of flaring the gas wastefully. The alternative solutions will convincingly reduce and in the nearest future stop gas flaring globally.