SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat

Article citations


Blumetti, J., Hunt, J.L., Arnoldo, B.D., Parks, J.K. and Purdue, G.F. (2008) The Parkland Formula under Fire: Is the Criticism Justified? Journal of Burn Care & Research, 29, 180-186.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Does Ringer Lactate Used in Parkland Formula for Burn Resuscitation Adequately Restore Body Electrolytes and Proteins?

    AUTHORS: Medhat E. Habib, Loai M. Saadah, Mazen Al-Samerrae, Fathy E. Shoeib, Mahaba Mamoun, Gehan A. Latif, Dalia M. Habib

    KEYWORDS: Ringer Lactate, Burn, Parkland, Electrolytes, Proteins

    JOURNAL NAME: Modern Plastic Surgery, Vol.7 No.1, January 27, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Objective: Evaluation of the effect of Ringer Lactate, as the resuscitative burn fluid according to Parkland Formula, on restoring the levels of body electrolytes and proteins. Design: A retrospective cohort study. Setting: The National Burns Unit, Mafraq Hospital, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates (UAE). Patients: One hundred and fifteen patients admitted with fresh burns between 1st of January 2011 and 31st of December 2013, who met inclusion and exclusion criteria. Methods: Team collected demographic and clinical data for each patient using a standard form. Patients received Ringer Lactate solely as the resuscitative burn fluid according to Parkland Formula. Baseline (pre-) and third-day (post-) variables included levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, proteins, and albumin. Researchers then performed paired comparisons of serum electrolytes and protein levels. Results: Mean values showed maintenance of the potassium and chloride levels within the normal range after administering the Ringer Lactate, significant decline in sodium, and a marked hypoproteinaemia and hypoalbuminaemia post-resuscitation. Conclusions: Ringer Lactate used as the mere resuscitative post burn fluid is suboptimal. Sodium supplementation may be required to correct hyponatremia. Colloids, preferably intravenous albumin should be added, as advised by the original Parkland Formula.