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Cohn, J. (2011) Variation in Above Ground Biomass in Nyungwe Forest, Rwanda.
http://www.bioenv.gu.se/digitalAssets/1332/1332263_johan-cohn.pdf

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Forest Biomass Management challenges in Commercially Exotic Tree Plantations Areas. A case study from the Rungwe Volcanic Province (Southern Highlands of Tanzania)

    AUTHORS: Benard Mwakisunga

    KEYWORDS: Exotic trees, Indigenous trees, Biomass variation, Forest reserve

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, Vol.5 No.3, February 21, 2017

    ABSTRACT: The carbon (C) stored in the living biomass of trees is typically the largest C pool of the forest ecosystem which is directly impacted by deforestation and degradation (Ensslin et al, 2015). The relationships between diversity, biomass and C stocks at varied altitudes can have crucial implications for the management and conservation of C sinks. The study was conducted at Mbeya One ward lying between Mporoto and Rungwe forest reserves in Mbeya rural district, in the Southern highlands of Tanzania. The main objective was (1) to assess the indigenous tree biomass variation between Mporoto and Rungwe forest reserves (2) to assess the exotic tree biomass variation between the two forest reserves and (3) to assess the human implication on aboveground biomass variation between the two forest reserves. The findings indicated the significant decreased in indigenous trees biomass in residential and crop land areas with a hasty increase in biomass when reaching Mporoto forest reserve indicating little human encroachment in the forest reserve. There was the same trend towards Rungwe forest reserve however in that side, there was a slight increase in indigenous tree biomass when reaching forest reserve which is the sign of human encroachment in the forest reserve. The main human activities encroaching the reserve were; timber harvesting and commercial exotic trees planting (especially the commercial trees, Pinus patula sp). However, the trend was opposite for the exotic trees especially for Pinus patula and Eucalyptus sp in the study area. Hence the study concludes that there is a significant variation between indigenous and exotic trees in the study area, hence the variation in the tree biomass (fig 2&3). There is also a massive human encroachment for indigenous trees clearance in expense of exotic trees plantations towards and in Rungwe forest reserve. Therefore, the study would like to call for an urgent intervention especially in the east side of the study area (Rungwe forest reserve) stopping exotic tree plantation penetrating into the forest reserve which intensify cutting down of indigenous trees in the forest reserves plummeting aboveground biomass and escalating carbon emissions in the atmosphere while jeopardizing the natural forest ecosystem services to the communities. Conservation education should be emphasized in the study area to local communities, exotic trees plantations owners and other relevant stakeholders.