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Simon, G.E., Von Korff, M., Piccinelli, M., et al. (1999) An International Study of the Relation between Somatic Symptoms and Depression. New England Journal of Medicine, 341, 1329-1335.
https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJM199910283411801

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Anxiety and Depression Disorders in Chronic Non-Specific Low Back Pain in Lomé (Togo)

    AUTHORS: Kodjo Kakpovi, Kokou M. A. Soedje, Viwalé E. S. Koffi-Tessio, Kodjo E. Ahoble, Eyram Fianyo, Prénam Houzou, Komi C. Tagbor, Kolou S. Dassa, Owonayo Oniankitan, Moustafa Mijiyawa

    KEYWORDS: Anxiety, Depression, Common Chronic Low Back Pain, Sub-Saharan Africa

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Rheumatology and Autoimmune Diseases, Vol.7 No.1, January 6, 2017

    ABSTRACT: Chronic non-specific low back pain has an important psychological impact. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of anxiety and depressive disorders (ADD) and factors associated to their apparition in patients suffering from chronic non-specific low back pain in rheumatological consultation in Lomé. Patients and Methods: It was a cross-sectional study, conducted from October 1st, 2015 to 31st March 2016. This study focused on all patients suffering from common chronic low back pain without psychiatric history in the Rheumatology Ward at the Sylvanus Olympio’s Teaching Hospital of Lomé and who have given their consent. The psychological evaluation was carried out through Hamilton scale. The processing, the statistical treatment and analysis of our data have been carried out using Epiinfo software, version 7.1.5. The investigation was approved by the local Ethics Committee. Results: 48 (39 women and 09 men) out of 123 patients with chronic lower back pain presented anxiety and depressive disorders (ADD) accounting for a prevalence rate of 39%. Their average age was 50.3 years old. The most frequent ADD was: psychic anxiety (58.6%), depressive mood (51.3%), difficulties to feel asleep (47.9%) and disturbed or agitated sleep (43.1%). Factors associated with the anxiety and depressive disorders in common chronic low back pain were: female gender (p = 0.02), dependent children (p = 0.02), occupation (reseller (p = 0.002), liberal profession (p = 0.009), monthly financial income (p = 0.002), surroundings family (0.009), medical history (p = 0.0002) and pain’s intensity > 7 (p = 0.04). Conclusion: This study shows the high frequency of anxiety and depressive disorders in common chronic low back pain and their influence by socio-economic and demographic factors.