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Baragou, S., Afassinou, M., Atta, B., Pio, M.,Goeh-akouele, E. and Damorou, F. (2013) Aspects épidémiologique et diagnostiques des cardiopathies congénitales dans une unité d’échocardiographie pédiatrique a Lomé(Togo): Etude prospective de Juillet 2010 à Décem- bre 2012. Journal de la Recherche Scientifique de l’Universite de Lome, 15, 343-352.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Epidemiology of Cardiovascular Diseases in Children at the Teaching Hospital of Brazzaville, Congo

    AUTHORS: Anne Berthe M’pemba Loufoua-Lemay, Alphonse Massamba

    KEYWORDS: Congenital Heart Diseases, Acquired Heart Diseases, Children, Brazzaville, Sub-Saharan Africa

    JOURNAL NAME: World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, Vol.6 No.11, November 24, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Context: Several studies were conducted throughout the world on heart diseases in children; no data is available in Congolese child. Objective: To evaluate epidemiological profile of Congolese children and teenager carrying cardiovascular diseases. Methods: A descriptive and prospective study was carried out during 4 years in the pediatric department of teaching hospital of Brazzaville, near the children received in consultation of pediatric cardiology. Results: On 41,472 patients admitted in pediatric service, 526 patients were received in consultation for suspicion of heart diseases. Among them, 444 had cardiopathy (incidence of 10.7‰). It was about a congenital heart disease to 316 (60%) incidence of 7.6‰; Acquired heart disease to 128 (24.4%) incidence of 3.1‰. Among congenital heart defects observed frequency of patients with ASD was 20.3%, isolated in 10.1% of cases, and associated with ECD (11.8%). The VSD was observed in 30.1% of cases, and the Tetralogy of Fallot in 10.1% of cases. Among the acquired heart diseases, severe hypo kinetic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) was noted in 24.4% of cases. The rheumatic heart diseases accounted for 41.4% of cases. It was mitral regurgitation (33.6%), a mitral stenosis (1.6%). Pericarditis was objectified at 10.1% of the patients. The evolution was favorable for 43.3% of patients. An aggravation of symptoms was observed to 2.7% of patients. Mortality was 11.9% and 71.9% of deaths were observed to not operate carriers of congenital heart disease. 69.9% of dead patients were carrying a cyanogen heart disease. Left to right shunt represented 21.7% of the deaths. Conclusion: Heart diseases are real problem of public health for Congolese children.