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Nwaichi, E.O., Wegwu, M.O. and Nwosu, U.L. (2014) Distribution of Selected Carcinogenic Hydrocarbon and Heavy Metals in an Oil-Polluted Agriculture Zone. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 186, 8697-8706.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-014-4037-6

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons and Selected Heavy Metals in Some Oil Polluted Sites in Delta State Nigeria

    AUTHORS: Eucharia Oluchi Nwaichi, Lawrence C. Chuku, Erhieyovwen Ighoavwogan

    KEYWORDS: Biomagnification, Crude Oil Spill, Cassava, Oil Bean, Niger Delta, Carcinogens

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol.7 No.10, September 30, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Concentrations of selected heavy metals, nutrient elements and PAHs in farms and produce (cassava tubers and oil bean seeds) from 4-year-old crude oil impacted areas (Ekore and Uduvwoku) and a non-oil-impacted area (Okpe), all in Ughelli South Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria, were investigated to ascertain degree of risk posed. A random sampling design was chosen with three replications. Results obtained revealed significantly (P -1) Cd (0.240, 0.140) and Cr (1.327, 3.122) in cassava samples for Ekore and Uduvwoku respectively in comparison to non-detectable amount for those of non-impacted source and exceeded set WHO limits of 0.1 and 0.05 mg·kg-1 respectively. Although PAHs were low, oil spill increased available levels by factor of 2.5 and 5 for Ekore and Uduvwoku respectively. Again, Cd and Cr exceeded WHO limit for study impacted soils. Available N, P and K decreased (%) by 56.1, 28.5 and 2.4 for Ekore and 82.9, 39.9 and 45.5 for Uduvwoku Cassava samples. Nutrient profiling in oil bean revealed % reduction in avaliable N, P and K by 33.7, 47.7 and 57.9 and 28.9, 76.3 and 39.8 for Ekore and Uduvwoku samples respectively. For oil bean, Cd and Cr did not differ markedly between polluted samples but exceeded WHO limits. Other studied contaminants fell within limits. In soils, available N, P and K decreased (%) by 39.6, 79.1 and 27.4 for Ekore and 53, 88.1 and 45.5 for Uduvwoku samples. Low pH of 5.3 and 5.7 in Ekore and Uduvwoku respectively may increase the leachability of Cr into groundwater. Biopersistent Cd and Cr were found to biomagnify up the food chain and may impair major processes. Although PAHs were relatively low, their % composition was more of High Molecular Weight that was less readily biodegraded by indigenous microorganisms, and hence can persist in the environment as carcinogens.