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Rhinology Group of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Operation Editorial Board, Rhinology Group of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Operation Branch of Chinese Medical Association (2009) The Diagnosis and Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis (2009, Wuyi Mountain). Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Operation, 44, 977-978.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Observation of Ultrastructure in Nasal Mucosa on Allergic Perennial Rhinitis Cases before and after the Operations

    AUTHORS: Weinian Lin, Jun Liao, Jinchao Lin, Zhongzhu Nian, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaoming Ye

    KEYWORDS: Rhinitis, Allergic, Perennial, Nasal Mucosa, Microscope, Electronic, Histopathology

    JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery, Vol.5 No.5, September 22, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Objective: The partial inferior turbinectomy and septoplasty was applied to treat the allergic perennial rhinitis (APR), and to observe the ultrastructure changes of the nasal mucosa before and after the operations. Methods: For 36 cases of research objects diagnosed with APR, the partial inferior turbinectomy and septoplasty was administered. For 6 APR cases among them, the pre- and postoperative observation of anterior nasal mucosa of the inferior turbinate on the same side under the electron microscope was conducted for one year respectively. In addition, their pathological alterations of tissues were also conducted. Results: In the pre-operative observation under the electron microscope, it was found that the nasal mucosae epithelium cells were nude without cilia. The lamina propria had edema, and mesenchyme presented the infiltration of substantial eosinophilic granulocytes, basophilic granulocytes, plasmacytes and mast cells. Additionally, abundant degranulation and vacuolation of cytoplasts were observed. The plentiful glands, duct ectasia, edema and structural changes were also found. Some gland cells had degenerated. After the operation, it was found that the epithelium nudity still existed and the deficiency of cilia was not improved. Only a very small amount of microvilli existed. The edema of lamina propria was improved and eosinophilic granulocytes were rarely observed in mesenchyme. However, the infiltration of basophilic granulocytes, plasmocytes and mast cells was still observed. The particle structure was generally stable and the central crystal was clear without degranulation. Meanwhile, the amount of glands was reduced and the tissue structure tended to be recovered. Overall, the nasal mucosa showed changes as chronic inflammation. Conclusions: For the treatment of APR with the methods presented by our research institution, in one year before and after the operation, ultrastructural changes of inferior turbinate mucosa tissues were observed from the preoperatively pathological changes of typical APR to the chronic inflammation with the primary infiltration of neutrophilic granulocyte and mast cells.