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Kombe, W. (2010). Land conflicts in Dar es Salaam: who gains? who loses? working paper no. 82 - cities and fragile states, UKaid/Crisis States Research Centre ISSN 1749-1800

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Drivers of Land Cover Dynamics for Pugu and Kazimuzumbwi Forest Reserves in Kisarawe, Tanzania

    AUTHORS: Makarius Victor Mdemu, Marco Mathias Burra

    KEYWORDS: Climate Change and Variability, Driver, Forest Reserve, Land Cover Dynamics, Peri-Urban

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Forestry, Vol.6 No.5, August 31, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Forests that are close to growing urban centres have been subject to constant deforestation and degradation from various factors. This study assesses the drivers of land cover dynamics in Pugu and Kazimzumbwi forest reserves in the context of urban and peri-urban expansion of Dar es Salaam for the past three decades. The study adopted review of relevant literature and household survey from three settlements surrounding the forest reserves. One hundred and fifty (150) households were collected from Buyuni, Chanika and Masaki in Ilala and Kisarawe and administered with semi-structured questionnaire to collect information on migration, use of forest products by communities and perception on climate change and variability. SPSS computer program was used to analyse the questionnaire data while tables and graphs were adopted for presentation of the results. Rural-urban and internal urban migration in Dar es Salaam was identified as one of the primary drivers of land cover dynamics in peri-urban areas and adjoining environments. The migration was intensified by push drivers which include urban growth, market of land and reliance on forest product among community members as source of their livelihoods. The increased rainfall variability accompanied with high temperature has contributed to frequent droughts which compromises rainfed agriculture. Thus, the successful conservation of the forest will require strengthened enforcement of protection measures supported with introduction of alternative livelihood strategies for majority of poor community members.