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Article citations


SHAPE America (2014). National Standards & Grade-Level Outcomes for K-12 Physical Education. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Changes of Children’s Motivation in Physical Education and Physical Activity: A Longitudinal Perspective

    AUTHORS: Xiangli Gu, Tao Zhang

    KEYWORDS: Motivation, Physical Activity Change, School Children, Physical Education

    JOURNAL NAME: Advances in Physical Education, Vol.6 No.3, August 8, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Children’s motivation towards Physical Education (PE) decreases over the elementary school year, but little is known about how and why those declines influence changes of children’s intention and Physical Activity (PA). Guided by the expectancy-value model, this study attempted to examine the relationship between changes of children’s motivation to changes in children’s intention for future participation in PE and PA over an academic year. Using a repeated measurement technique, 354 (4th 180, 5th 174) school children’s expectancy-related beliefs, task values, intention, and PA were assessed twice over one academic school year. Time 1 was at the beginning of the fall semester, and Time 2 was at the end of the subsequent spring semester. Students’ expectancy-related beliefs and task values were positively related to their intention and PA at both Time 1 and Time 2. A factorial repeated measure MANOVA showed that decreases in task values and intention were significant (p