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Article citations


Biswas-Diener, R., Vitterso, J. and Diener, E. (2005) Most People Are Pretty Happy, But There Is Cultural Variation: The Inughuit, the Amish, and the Maasai. Journal of Happiness Studies, 6, 205-226

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: “Association between Feelings about Competition and Self-Reported Happiness: Do Racial Differences Matter?” Evidence from the World Value Surveys

    AUTHORS: Juan Barrios

    KEYWORDS: Subjective Well-Being, Happiness, Utility, Competition, Econometrics, World Values Surveys, Culture

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Social Sciences, Vol.4 No.5, May 26, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Drawing on individual data from the World Values Surveys, this paper estimates the importance of racial differences in the relation between individual feelings about competition and self-reported happiness. Racial or ethnic characteristics are split as Asians, Blacks and Whites. In general, people who think competition is good are associated to the same (high) level of happiness as do people who think competition is harmful. Blacks, however, appear to shy away from competition probably because they are not the winners in the competitive process of capitalism. Results among blacks within different countries show similar patterns. These findings are different than and complement previous research which shows a positive or negative relation between competition and well-being. The paper improves over previous research in that it approximates competitive environment by using individual-level measures and considers the relevance of cultural differences. Instrumental variable analysis suggests that there may be a relation of causality stemming from competition to happiness. The paper conjectures about the reasons why individuals who find competition as harmful report higher levels of happiness but do not attempt to establish causality directions.