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van Mourik, T., Benoit, D.M., Price, S.L. and Clary, D.C. (2000) Ab Initio and Diffusion Monte Carlo Study of Uracil-Water, Thymine-Water, Cytosine-Water, and Cytosine-(Water) 2. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2, 1281-1290.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/a909183a

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Comparative Molecular Mechanics and Quantum Mechanics Study of Monohydration of Nucleic Acid Bases

    AUTHORS: Job Lino-Pérez, Eduardo González-Jiménez, Alexandra Deriabina, Martha Velasco, Valery I. Poltev

    KEYWORDS: DNA Bases, Hydration, Ab Initio Calculations, Molecular Mechanics, Hydrogen Bonding

    JOURNAL NAME: Journal of Biophysical Chemistry, Vol.7 No.2, May 17, 2016

    ABSTRACT: DNA is the most important biological molecule and its hydration contributes essentially to the structure and functions of the double helix. We analyze the monohydration of the individual bases of nucleic acids and their methyl derivatives using methods of Molecular Mechanics (MM) with the Poltev-Malenkov (PM), AMBER and OPLS force fields, as well as ab initio Quantum Mechanics (QM) calculations at MP2/6-31G(d,p) level of theory. A comparison is made between the calculated interaction energies and the experimental enthalpies of microhydration of bases, obtained from mass spectrometry at low temperatures. Each local water-base interaction energy minimum obtained with MM corresponds to the minimum obtained with QM. General qualitative agreement was observed in the geometrical characteristics of the local minima obtained via the two groups of methods. MM minima correspond to slightly more coplanar structures than those obtained via QM methods, and the absolute MM energy values overestimate corresponding values obtained with QM. For Adenine and Thymine the QM local minima energy values are closer to those obtained by the PM potential (average of 0.72 kcal/mol) than by the AMBER force field (1.86 kcal/mol). The differences in energy between MM and QM results are more pronounced for Guanine and Cytosine, especially for minima with the water molecule forming H-bonds with two proton-acceptor centers of the base. Such minima are the deepest ones obtained via MM methods while QM calculations result in the global minima corresponding to water molecule H-bonded to one acceptor and one donor site of the base. Calculations for trimethylated bases with a water molecule corroborate the MM results. The energy profiles were obtained with some degrees of freedom of the water molecule being frozen. This data will contribute to the improvement of the molecular mechanics force fields.