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Article citations


Rashid, J., Absar, S., Nahar, K., Gupta, N. and Ahsan, F. (2015) Newer Devices and Improved Formulations of Inhaled Insulin. Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery, 12, 917-928.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Role of Inhaled Insulin in the Management of Type 2 Diabetes

    AUTHORS: Wesley Nuffer, Jennifer Trujillo

    KEYWORDS: Inhaled Insulin, Technosphere, Afrezza, Type 2 Diabetes

    JOURNAL NAME: Pharmacology & Pharmacy, Vol.7 No.4, April 21, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Type 2 diabetes continues to place a major burden on the health care system of the United States and worldwide. Type 2 diabetes involves two major defects: decreased insulin production from the pancreas and increased insulin resistance. Many patients with type 2 diabetes have decreased insulin production which requires exogenous insulin therapy in order to manage their disease. Despite this need, there is often a reluctance to initiate insulin therapy from both providers and patients. One reason for this reluctance may be a fear of needles or of administering injections. Delivering insulin through the lungs has been studied for decades, with the first inhaled insulin product coming to market in 2006. This product’s launch was considered unsuccessful, and the product was discontinued by the manufacturer the following year. A new inhaled insulin, Technosphere?insulin, was approved for use in type 1 and type 2 diabetes in 2014. This product was shown superior to placebo and non-inferior to a premixed bi-phasic subcutaneous insulin in patients with type 2 diabetes, and may offer an alternative to patients who are averse to giving subcutaneous injections.