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Ait Benkaddour, Y., Aboulfalah, A. and Abbassi, H. (2009) Place de l’hystéroscopie en assistance médicale à la procréation. Médecine de la Reproduction, Gynécologie Endocrinologie, 11, 294-301.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: The Endometrium Biopsy and Hystero-Laparoscopy in Evaluation of Women’s Infertility. A Prospective Study in Algeria

    AUTHORS: Nassima Cheheb, Abdenacer Tou, Fadl Allah Abou-Bekr, Mohammed Lebid

    KEYWORDS: Female Infertility, Endometrial Biopsy, Hystero-Laparoscopy

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol.6 No.4, March 18, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Female infertility is considered as a real obstacle to the development of a couple who cannot conceive in a natural way. The aim of this study is to evaluate female infertility using two complementary methods of exploration: hystero-laparoscopy and endometrial biopsy, to compare histopathological data with those of hystero-laparoscopy findings in the same patients, and finally assess the interest to couple both methods to detect a greater number of pathologies. Our prospective study included 64 patients aged 20 - 43 years with primary or secondary infertility for a period of 3 years ranging from 2012 to 2015 at obstetrics and gynecology department in which all patients were admitted to a hysteroscopy followed by laparoscopy. Endometrial biopsy curettage was performed and sent to the Pathological Anatomy Department for a histopathological study. On 64 infertile women explored, no pathologies were findings in 20 patients (31.3%) to the biopsy and 27 patients (42.2%) by hysteroscopy-laparoscopy. Histopathological study was in favor of dysfunctional endometrium (50%) followed by hyperplasia (10.9%). The lesions findings in the hystero-laparoscopy were in the first place uterine (18.8%) followed by equally between tubal and endometrial pathologies (10.9%). Associated diseases affecting the same organs or more were recorded with a percentage of 7.8%. The two methods have been shown effective and the most of common pathologies findings were uterine and endometrial. We concluded that the endometrial biopsy was more decisive in the exploration of endometrium pathologies while hystero-laparoscopy is more sensitive for the exploration of uterine, tubal and ovarian pathologies. Each method taken individually was revealed incomplete. It is more interesting to systematically couple the histology with endoscopic examination in order to detect a greater number of pathologies.