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Dantzer, C., Wardle, J., Fuller, R., Pampalone, S.Z. and Steptoe, A. (2006) International Study of Heavy Drinking, Attitudes and Sociodemographic Factors in University Students. Journal of American College Health, 55, 83-89.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3200/JACH.55.2.83-90

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Evaluation of Addiction among Students in First Year of a French University

    AUTHORS: Godet Andrea, Deschamps Frédéric, Koffi Marie-Emmanuelle, Kueny Guillaume, Calmus Caroline, Dramé Moustapha, Godet Sébastien

    KEYWORDS: Students, Addiction, Substance Abuse, Prevalence, France

    JOURNAL NAME: Open Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol.6 No.1, January 29, 2016

    ABSTRACT: Background: We aimed to describe addictive behaviours and identify risk factors for addiction among students in their first year of university, which is known to represent a stressful situation conducive to the emergence of addictive behaviours. Methods: Ongoing cross-sectional survey among first-year students of the University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne (France). The first 16 months of the survey, which is due to run for 5 years, are analysed here. A self-report questionnaire was proposed to all first-year students during their mandatory preventive medicine consultation. The questionnaire kit comprised validated questionnaires evaluating addiction to alcohol, tobacco, cannabis, cocaine, amphetamines, solvents, tranquillizers, hallucinogens, opiates, other drugs, internet, and gambling or games of chance. Results: In total, 1139 students were included in this analysis; participation rate was 94% among all those invited to participate. Average age was 19 ± 1 years, male to female sex ratio was 0.54. Among respondents, 18% were at risk of addiction to alcohol, 2.3% were addicted; 19.6% were smokers, and 5.5% were dependent. Cannabis was the most frequently used illicit substance, with 4.8% of students at risk, and 2 subjects addicted. For the internet, 11.6% of subjects were at risk, and 1.4% were addicted. By logistic regression, students receiving grants or whose parents have a low socio-professional category were at less risk of addiction to alcohol. We also found that students at risk were less likely to accept treatment. Conclusion: These initial findings show that certain addictive behaviours are particularly prevalent among first-year students, with identifiable risk factors or protective factors, thereby opening avenues for preventive and therapeutic measures.