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Shah, S.A., Suzuki, H., Hassan, M.R., Sato, R., Safian, N. and Idrus, S. (2012) Spatial Analysis of Environmental Factors Influencing Typhoid Endemicity in Kelantan, Malaysia. Sains Malaysiana, 41, 911-919.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Spatio-Temporal Distribution of Malaria in Perak, Malaysia

    AUTHORS: Norzawati Yoep, Hazrin Hasim, Ummi Nadiah Yusoff, Mahani Yusoff, Noor Rizawati Mahpot

    KEYWORDS: Malaria, Spatial, GIS, Geocoding

    JOURNAL NAME: Advances in Infectious Diseases, Vol.5 No.4, November 30, 2015

    ABSTRACT: Malaria incidence in Perak, Malaysia has generally declined, but there remain regions of high incidence. The spatio-temporal distribution pattern of malaria in Perak was studied using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and spatial statistical tools. Malaria data cases at the subdistrict level in Perak from 2007 to 2011 were analysed to determine the spatial and temporal distribution patterns of malaria incidence. Geographical Information Systems (GIS) and spatial statistical tools were used to identify spatial correlation in the data and malaria hot-spots. Spatial correlation was tested by using an autocorrelation method called Moran’s I. Hot spot analysis was done using Getis-Ord G*statistic technique. Malaria incidence rates were categorized into 3 classes to map the spatial distribution. Malaria cases in Perak were geo-spatially clustered. Most of the hot spots locations were in Kenering, Ulu Kinta, Gerik and Kampar sub-districts. The prevalence of malaria among foreigners was noticeably higher than Malaysians. Improved surveillance of foreign workers can prevent outbreaks and identify high risk areas. This study implies that geographic-based mapping and information system are needed for an effective malaria control.