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Mbane Biouele, C. (2015) Fundamentals on Thermodynamic Processes behind Cloud’s and Rainfall’s Formation. Atmospheric and Climate Sciences, 5, 257-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/acs.2015.53019

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Useful and Unique Descriptions of Tropospheric Processes Which Produce Oxygen and Thereafter Give Birth to Equatorial Electro-Jets

    AUTHORS: Cesar Mbane Biouele

    KEYWORDS: Formation of Negative Static Charges (e-) throughout Troposphere, Earth’s Troposphere Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics, Oxygen Transfer from Troposphere to Ionosphere

    JOURNAL NAME: International Journal of Geosciences, Vol.6 No.11, November 25, 2015

    ABSTRACT: Formation of negative static charges (e-) throughout troposphere is a natural phenomenon revealed by some weather events such as storms and lightning flashes that accompany thunderclouds. This climatic phenomenon (formation of negative charge in that case) has long been considered as physical phenomena of very small space-time scales. Now we have good reasons to say that this perception of troposphere electrical status is totally meaningless. Indeed, it is now easy to show that significant numbers of electrons are provided to troposphere at each appearance of a thunderstorm (or a lightning flash). Thereafter, movement implemented in the troposphere by winds (e.g., West African aerojet) contributes to the formation of low altitudes Electrojets (e.g., West African Equatorial Aerojet gives birth to West African Equatorial Electrojet). The existence of Low Layers Equatorial Electrojets (LL-EEJ) was totally unknown by the first theorists who have studied the Earth’s Ionosphere Plasma Physics and Electrodynamics. This mistake has led their followers to many questions unanswered in their attempt to explain the longitudinal and seasonal variations of observed EEJ. In this paper, we will provide many useful explanations on the manner in which clouds provide oxygen to troposphere and thereafter trigger negative static charges (e-) throughout both troposphere and ionosphere. Indeed, this paper also explains how, opportunely, the ITF (inter tropical front) plays the role of the tap which facilitates oxygen transfer from troposphere to ionosphere. Detailed studies on the Earth’s troposphere plasma physics and electrodynamics are impatiently awaited.