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Brouyère, S., Jeannin, P.Y., Dassargues, A., Goldscheider, N., Popescu, C., Sauter, M., Vadillo, I. and Zwahlen, F. (2001) Evaluation and Validation of Vulnerability Concepts Using a Physically Based Approach. 7th Conference on Limestone Hydrology and Fissured Media, Besan?on, 20-22 September 2001, 67-72.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Groundwater Vulnerability Mapping Using Lineament Density on Standard DRASTIC Model: Case Study in Halabja Saidsadiq Basin, Kurdistan Region, Iraq

    AUTHORS: Twana O. Abdullah, Salahalddin S. Ali, Nadhir A. Al-Ansari, Sven Knutsson

    KEYWORDS: Vulnerability, Lineament, Landsat TM 8, DRASTIC, Halabja Saidsadiq Basin (HSB)

    JOURNAL NAME: Engineering, Vol.7 No.10, October 30, 2015

    ABSTRACT: Groundwater is the most important source of water in the Halabja-Saidsadiq Basin. In this study, to generate a map of groundwater pollution vulnerability of the basin, the standard DRASTIC method has been applied. Due to the close relation between lineament density and groundwater flow and yield, the lineament density map was applied to the standard DRASTIC model in order to ensure accuracy towards the consideration of the effects of potential vulnerability to contamination. A lineament map is extracted from Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) satellite imagery using different techniques in remote sensing and GIS. The lineament density map illustrates that only six classes of lineament density can be identified ranged from (0 - 2.4). The lineament density map was rated and weighted and then converted to lineament index map. This index map is an additional parameter which was added to the standard DRASTIC model so as to map the modi?ed DRASTIC vulnerability in HSB. The standard vulnerability map, classified the basin into four vulnerability index zones: very low (34%), low (13%), moderate (48%) and high (5%). While the modified model classified the area into four categories as well: very low (28.75%), low (14.31%), moderate (46.91%) and high (10.04%). The results demonstrate that there is no significant variation in the rate of vulnerability. Therefore, the nitrate concentration between two different seasons (dry and wet) was analyzed from (30) water wells, considerable variations in nitrate concentration from dry to wet seasons had been noted. Consequently, it confirmed that the HSB are capable to receive the contaminant because of suitability in terms of geological and hydrogeological conditions. Based on this verification, it could be claimed that the effect of lineament density is weak on the vulnerability system in HSB, because of its low density value.