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Bozchalui, M.C., Hashmi, S.A., Hassen, H., Canizares, C.A. and Bhattacharya, K. (2012) Optimal Operation of Residential Energy Hubs in Smart Grids. IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, 3, 1755-1766. http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TSG.2012.2212032

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Economic and Environmental Effects of Installing Distributed Energy Resources into a Household

    AUTHORS: Akito Ozawa, Yoshikuni Yoshida

    KEYWORDS: Household, PV, Fuel Cell, Battery, Mixed Integer Programming

    JOURNAL NAME: Low Carbon Economy, Vol.6 No.2, June 15, 2015

    ABSTRACT: Improving energy efficiency in the residential sector is a pressing issue in Japan. This study examines the economic and environmental impacts of introducing the following distributed energy resources: photovoltaics (PV), a fuel cell, and a battery. We estimate electricity and hot water demand profiles of a household by using simulated living activities. Electric power from a residential PV system is also calculated from the observed solar radiation. By using mixed integer programming, we perform a cost minimization operating simulation of a residential PV, fuel cell, and battery. The result suggests that we can create a net-zero energy house by installing both a PV system and a fuel cell into one house. On the other hand, using a battery with a fuel cell increases the household energy cost, and has few effects on CO2 emission reduction.