SCIRP Mobile Website
Paper Submission

Why Us? >>

  • - Open Access
  • - Peer-reviewed
  • - Rapid publication
  • - Lifetime hosting
  • - Free indexing service
  • - Free promotion service
  • - More citations
  • - Search engine friendly

Free SCIRP Newsletters>>

Add your e-mail address to receive free newsletters from SCIRP.


Contact Us >>

WhatsApp  +86 18163351462(WhatsApp)
Paper Publishing WeChat
Book Publishing WeChat

Article citations


Folstein, M. F., Folstein, S. E., & McHugh, P. R. (1975). Mini-Mental State: A Practical Method for Grading the Cognitive State of Patients for the Clinicians. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 12, 189-198.

has been cited by the following article:

  • TITLE: Health Self-Awareness in Senior Citizens: Focus on Physical, Emotional and Cognitive Health

    AUTHORS: Eliane Ferreira Carvalho Banhato, Pricila Cristina Correa Ribeiro, Danielle Viveiros Guedes, Cláudia Helena Cerqueira Mármora, Roberto Alves Lourenço

    KEYWORDS: Health Self-Awareness, Aging, Senior People, Self-Rated Health, Elderly

    JOURNAL NAME: Psychology, Vol.6 No.7, June 12, 2015

    ABSTRACT: Senior people usually express high levels of satisfaction and quality of life, even though they may be facing comorbidities and disabilities. This is an evidence of how unreliable quantitative measures, taken alone, can be when trying to understand the health levels of this population. Health self-awareness has been widely used in order to assess the health of old people. The present study describes how a sample of Brazilian senior citizens assesses their general health and verifies the relationship between negative health self-awareness and social-demographic factors as well as physical, emotional and cognitive impairment in this population. There were 427 senior subjects in the sample aged 65 or more from both genders. The primary outcome was assessed by the question: “on the whole, how do you assess your health?”. This variable was divided into 2 groups: positive perception (options very good and good) and negative perceptions (options fair, bad and very bad). The independent variables were: social demographic; physical aspects of health; emotional and humour aspects; and cognitive aspects. In our studies, 42.4% of seniors had negative health self-awareness. The logistic regression analyses showed that the social demographic factor could explain negative health self-awareness in 62.4% of the subjects. However, only the association with education was statistically significant (p